29 FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT AND DISCLOSURES
29.1 FAIR VALUE HIERARCHY
To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, IFRS 13 established a fair value hierarchy that categorizes into three levels the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure their value.
Level 1 inputs: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities that the Group can access at the measurement date.
Level 2 inputs: Inputs other than quoted prices included within level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3 inputs: Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.
There have been no transfers between the levels in 2021 and 2022 .
29.2 ASSETS AND LIABILITIES MEASURED AT FAIR VALUE ON A RECURRING BASIS AFTER INITIAL RECOGNITION
The following table shows the valuation techniques used in the determination of fair values for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis after initial recognition:
Net carrying amount in balance sheet measured at fair value
Change in fair
(Forward rate - [spot rate +/- SWAP points]) * amount in foreign currency
Market sales multiples
Unquoted equity investment – level 3 inputs: End of 2020, the Group acquired an unquoted equity instrument for CHF 4.3 million. Total changes in fair value recognized during the period in other comprehensive income amount to CHF 0.0 million. A decrease in the forecasted sales of 10% would adversely impact the fair value by estimated CHF 0.4 million.
29.3 FAIR VALUE DISCLOSURES FOR FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS MEASURED AT AMORTIZED COST
The carrying amount of financial instruments measured at amortized costs (see note 28.2) is a reasonable approximation of their fair value due to their short-term nature. Bank loans and the bond are the only exception due to their long-term nature. Their fair values are disclosed in the following table.
Net carrying amount in balance sheet measured at amortized cost (CHF 1'000)
Fair value disclosure
The fair value is estimated by discounting the future contractual cash flows at the current market interest rate that is available to the Group for similar financial instruments.
Market value available at SIX (security